Abstract

Recent attention has been given to acoustic non-reciprocity in metamaterials with nonlinearity. However, the study of asymmetric wave propagation has been limited to mechanical diodes only. Prior works on electromechanical rectifiers or diodes using passive mechanisms are rare in the literature. This problem is investigated here by analytically and numerically studying a combination of nonlinear and linear metamaterials coupled with electromechanical resonators. The nonlinearity of the system stems from the chain in one case and from the electromechanical resonator in another. The method of multiple scales is used to obtain analytical expressions for the dispersion curves. Numerical examples show potential for wider operation range of electromechanical diode, considerable harvested power, and significant frequency shift. The observed frequency shift is demonstrated using spectro-spatial analyses and it is used to construct an electromechanical diode to guide the wave to propagate in one direction only. This only allows signal sensing for waves propagating in one direction and rejects signals in any other direction. The performance of this electromechanical diode is evaluated using the transmission ratio and the asymmetric ratio for a transient input signal. Design guidelines are provided to obtain the best electromechanical diode performance. The presented analyses show high asymmetry ratio for directional-biased wave propagation in the medium-wavelength limit for the case of nonlinear chain. Indeed, the present asymmetric and transmission ratios are higher than those reported in the literature for a mechanical diode. The operation frequencies can also be broadened to the long-wavelength limit frequencies using the resonator nonlinearity.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.