Understanding basic aerodynamic and thermodynamic processes in engine components is critical to achieving higher efficiencies and lower fuel consumption in aircraft engines. To aid in this process, a linear compressor cascade was investigated in the high-speed cascade wind tunnel of the Institute of Jet Propulsion to quantify the influence of heat transfer on the temperature distribution in the wake and, finally, the profile loss. For this purpose, a patented five-hole probe with an integrated thermocouple was developed and applied for steady measurements. Additionally, a hot-wire measurement setup was implemented to receive temperature fluctuations via the constant current (CC) mode as well as velocity fluctuations via the constant temperature (CT) mode. A novel method for a two-way temperature and velocity correction for the two types of hot-wire measurement is presented. Good agreement between the measurement data of the five-hole probe and averaged data from hot-wire anemometry was found. The temperature distribution indicates the occurrence of energy separation which in some cases is overlain with the effects of heat transfer. In addition, the analysis of unsteady fluctuations of temperature and velocity give more detailed information about the vortex shedding in the wake, including the size of the vortices. Finally, this is the first discussion of energy separation at a compressor cascade combined with overlain effects of heat transfer on the blade surface.