High thermal load appears at the blade tip and casing of a gas turbine engine. It becomes a significant design challenge to protect the turbine materials from this severe situation. As a result of geometric complexity and experimental limitations, computational fluid dynamics tools have been used to predict blade tip leakage flow aerodynamics and heat transfer at typical engine operating conditions. In this paper, the effect of turbine inlet temperature on the tip leakage flow structure and heat transfer has been studied numerically. Uniform low (444 K) and high (800 K) inlet temperatures and nonuniform (parabolic) temperature profiles have been considered at a fixed rotor rotation speed (9500 rpm). The results showed that the change of flow properties at a higher inlet temperature yields significant variations in the leakage flow aerodynamics and heat transfer relative to the lower inlet temperature condition. Aerodynamic behavior of the tip leakage flow varies significantly with the distortion of turbine inlet temperature. For more realistic inlet condition, the velocity range is insignificant at all time instants. At a high inlet temperature, reverse secondary flow is strongly opposed by the tip leakage flow and the heat transfer fluctuations are reduced greatly.
Effects of Inlet Temperature Uniformity and Nonuniformity on the Tip Leakage Flow and Rotor Blade Tip and Casing Heat Transfer Characteristics
Rahman, M. H., Kim, S. I., and Hassan, I. (June 21, 2011). "Effects of Inlet Temperature Uniformity and Nonuniformity on the Tip Leakage Flow and Rotor Blade Tip and Casing Heat Transfer Characteristics." ASME. J. Turbomach. March 2012; 134(2): 021001. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4003211
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