The aerodynamics and kinematics of flow structures, including the loss generation mechanisms, in the interstage region of a two-stage partially shrouded axial turbine are examined. The nonaxisymmetric partial shroud introduces highly three-dimensional unsteady interactions, the details of which must be understood in order to optimize the design of the blade/shroud. Detailed measurements of the steady and unsteady pressure and velocity fields are obtained using a two-sensor fast response aerodynamic probe and stereoscopic particle image velocimetry. These intrusive and nonintrusive measurement techniques yield a unique data set that describes the details of the flow in the interstage region. The measurements show that a highly three-dimensional interaction occurs between the passage vortex and a vortex caused by the recessed shroud platform design. Flow coming from the blade passage suddenly expands and migrates radially upward in the cavity region, causing a localized relative total pressure drop. Interactions of vortex and wake structures with the second stator row are analyzed by means of the combination of the measured relative total pressure and nondeterministic pressure unsteadiness. The analysis of the data gives insight on unsteady loss mechanisms. This study provides improved flow understanding and suggests that the design of the blade/shroud and second stator leading edge may be further improved to reduce unsteady loss contribution.
Interstage Flow Interactions and Loss Generation in a Two-Stage Shrouded Axial Turbine
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Porreca, L., Kalfas, A. I., Abhari, R. S., Yun, Y. I., and Song, S. J. (September 25, 2008). "Interstage Flow Interactions and Loss Generation in a Two-Stage Shrouded Axial Turbine." ASME. J. Turbomach. January 2009; 131(1): 011002. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2948961
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