This paper presents a mobile testing rig developed for small wind turbine (SWT) experimental work to orchestrate, cost-effectively, turbine performance characterization in both controlled wind inflow speeds and turbulent ambient flows. It facilitates off-grid testing of up to a 1 kW wind turbine. It is a dual-purpose machine that can be towed behind a vehicle to conduct steady-state tests (track testing) or be parked to collect unsteady field data (field testing), all with the same rotor and instrumentation. Its mechanical design included computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis to gauge the potential impact of towing vehicle disturbance on the free stream available to the rotor. To provide a compelling platform for full rotor speed control, a reconfigurable control system coupled to an electric vehicle controller with regenerative braking technology has been modeled and implemented into its electrical design. Uncertainty analysis has also been rigorously conducted to project the error bounds pertaining to both precision and bias components of the testing results. The rig has been tested in a towed scenario and blade element momentum (BEM) simulations have been compared with the actual aggregate performance curves obtained experimentally. Future work involves testing in unsteady winds, for which the rig was ultimately designed in order to better understand unsteady rotor performance and adaptive design.
Design and Characterization of a Trailer-Based Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbine Test Rig
Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received February 20, 2017; final manuscript received March 7, 2018; published online April 9, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Yves Gagnon.
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Khorsand, I., Dallas, C., Magni, A., and Crawford, C. (April 9, 2018). "Design and Characterization of a Trailer-Based Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbine Test Rig." ASME. J. Sol. Energy Eng. August 2018; 140(4): 041007. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4039655
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