Accurate prediction of lifetime is an increasingly important issue for wind turbine rotor blade materials. Coupon tests with the variable-amplitude standard loading sequences for wind turbines known as WISPER and WISPERX have indicated that the coupon lifetime can be overestimated by one or two orders of magnitude using conventional lifetime prediction formulations. In the actual design, this might be compensated for by conservative design factors covering other aspects such as environmental conditions. These conventional lifetime prediction formulations use Rainflow counting of the load history, a log-log SN-curve (stress- or strain amplitude versus cycles to failure) for R = −1, a linear Goodman diagram as a constant-life diagram, and Miner summation. In this work, possible alternative fatigue formulations to improve lifetime prediction under variable-amplitude loading are investigated. Results of WISPER and WISPERX variable-amplitude tests on a material representative of wind turbine rotor blades are used. Only alternatives for the SN-curve and the constant-life diagram are investigated; Rainflow counting and Miner summation are used in all predictions discussed here. None of the investigated SN-curves unites an apparent correlation of constant-amplitude data with an accurate and/or conservative lifetime prediction, when including them in a classical linear Goodman diagram. However, the lin-log- and log-log SN-curves do yield better predictions in combination with an alternative constant-life diagram.
Alternative Fatigue Lifetime Prediction Formulations for Variable-Amplitude Loading
Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the ASME Solar Energy Division, March 2002; final revision, July 2002. Associate Editor: D. Berg.
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Nijssen, R. P. L., van Delft , D. R. V., and van Wingerde, A. M. (November 8, 2002). "Alternative Fatigue Lifetime Prediction Formulations for Variable-Amplitude Loading ." ASME. J. Sol. Energy Eng. November 2002; 124(4): 396–403. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1510524
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