Post-earthquake investigations showed that local site condition had significant effect on seismic behavior of pipelines: almost all seismic damages to buried pipelines were either due to permanent ground deformation such as fault movement, landslide and lateral spread, or found in nonuniform ground, and there were few cases that pipelines were damaged only by wave propagation. Earthquake field observations did clearly indicate that relatively high strain occurred in pipelines laid through nonuniform ground. In this paper, an updated and detailed review of site effects on seismic behavior of pipelines is presented. For the purpose, quantitative analysis of damage, earthquake field observation, theoretical and experimental study, and related seismic design are discussed, and research needs are pointed out. [S0094-9930(00)01702-9]
Site Effects on Seismic Behavior of Pipelines: A Review
Contributed by the Pressure Vessels and Piping Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received by the PVP Division, January 3, 2000; revised manuscript received March 7, 2000, Technical Editor: S. Y. Zamrik.
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Liang, J., and Sun, S. (March 7, 2000). "Site Effects on Seismic Behavior of Pipelines: A Review ." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. November 2000; 122(4): 469–475. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1285974
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