The 300 MWel small Canadian supercritical water-cooled reactor (SCWR), which is a scaled-down version of the original 1200 MWel concept, has a smaller core, uses low enriched uranium fuel instead of a plutonium–thorium fuel, and features a lower (maximum) cladding temperature of 500 °C. The lower cladding temperature may permit the use of different alloys, including zirconium alloys, which had been ruled out as candidates for the Canadian SCWR, whose cladding temperature may reach 850 °C. The potential to use zirconium alloys is exciting because they have a low neutron cross section, which in turn means that fewer neutrons are lost, and the fuel can be used more efficiently. One advantage, for example,, is that the fuel cycle can be lengthened. In this paper, we report on the results of corrosion experiments used to screen zirconium- and titanium-based alloys as well as corrosion-resistant coating materials such as Cr and Al as potential candidates for fuel cladding in the small Canadian SCWR. These experiments were conducted in a refreshed autoclave in deaerated supercritical water at 500 °C and 23.5 MPa. After exposure, the weight gain was measured, and the oxide thickness and the oxide phases were examined. Of all materials, the coated and uncoated Ti-grade 2 and Ti-grade 5 alloys met our screening qualification criteria, however, Al/Cr-coated zirconium coupons showed notable improvement and will be explored further in future testing.