Computer modeling of blood flow in patient-specific anatomies can be a powerful tool for evaluating the design of implantable medical devices. We assessed three different endograft designs, which are implantable devices commonly used to treat patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Once implanted, the endograft may shift within the patient’s aorta allowing blood to flow into the aneurismal sac. One potential cause for this movement is the pulsatile force experienced by the endograft over the cardiac cycle. We used contrast-enhanced computed tomography angiography (CTA) data from four patients with diagnosed AAAs to build patient-specific models using 3D segmentation. For each of the four patients, we constructed a baseline model from the patient’s preoperative CTA data. In addition, geometries characterizing three distinct endograft designs were created, differing by where each device bifurcated into two limbs (proximal bifurcation, mid bifurcation, and distal bifurcation). Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was used to simulate blood flow, utilizing patient-specific boundary conditions. Pressures, flows, and displacement forces on the endograft surface were calculated. The curvature and surface area of each device was quantified for all patients. The magnitude of the total displacement force on each device ranged from 2.43 N to 8.68 N for the four patients examined. Within each of the four patient anatomies, the total displacement force was similar (varying at least by 0.12 N and at most by 1.43 N), although there were some differences in the direction of component forces. Proximal bifurcation and distal bifurcation geometries consistently generated the smallest and largest displacement forces, respectively, with forces observed in the mid bifurcation design falling in between the two devices. The smallest curvature corresponded to the smallest total displacement force, and higher curvature values generally corresponded to higher magnitudes of displacement force. The same trend was seen for the surface area of each device, with lower surface areas resulting in lower displacement forces and vise versa. The patient with the highest blood pressure displayed the highest magnitudes of displacement force. The data indicate that curvature, device surface area, and patient blood pressure impact the magnitude of displacement force acting on the device. Endograft design may influence the displacement force experienced by an implanted endograft, with the proximal bifurcation design showing a small advantage for minimizing the displacement force on endografts.
Evaluating Design of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Endografts in a Patient-Specific Model Using Computational Fluid Dynamics
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Segalova, P. A., Xiong, G., Venkateswara Rao, K. T., Zarins, C. K., and Taylor, C. A. (November 14, 2011). "Evaluating Design of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Endografts in a Patient-Specific Model Using Computational Fluid Dynamics." ASME. J. Med. Devices. December 2011; 5(4): 041005. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4005228
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