This study adopts the application of the electrodischarge machining (EDM) hole-drilling method to the measurement of residual stress in AISI D2 cold work tool steel, AISI H13 hot work tool steel, and AISI 1045 medium carbon steel. A calibration procedure based on the thermal conductivity of the material is conducted to compensate for the additional compressive stress induced in the workpiece by the EDM hole-drilling operation. Since the formation of this white layer influences the magnitude of the induced stress, the scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and nanoindentation techniques are used to examine the microstructure and hardness of the white layer resolidified on the EDMed surface. The experimental results reveal that combination of the hole-drilling strain-gage method (ASTM standard E837) with an EDM drilling process provides the effective means of determining the residual stress in materials with high hardness and good wear resistance.
Application of EDM Hole-Drilling Method to the Measurement of Residual Stress in Tool and Carbon Steels
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Lee, H., Mayer, J., Hsu, F., Rehbach, W. P., Weirich, T., Dimyati, A., and Tai, T. (March 5, 2006). "Application of EDM Hole-Drilling Method to the Measurement of Residual Stress in Tool and Carbon Steels." ASME. J. Eng. Mater. Technol. July 2006; 128(3): 468–475. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2204953
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