Compared with a single manipulator manufacturing cell, a dual manipulator cooperative system has more advantages in reconfigurability and flexibility. However, there are calibration errors and multi-source disturbances in the collaborative process, which lead to the processing trajectory accuracy defects of large-scale associated machining features. To solve the above problems, a practical path tracking synchronous control algorithm based on position-based visual servoing (PBVS) is proposed in this paper for the dual manipulator cooperative system, the proposed dynamic path tracking cross-coupled sliding mode controller (PTCSMC) scheme can realize dynamic paths correction while executing the pre-planned paths. In addition, for the cross-coupled technology to be applied into the proposed control algorithm for dynamic path tracking based on the real-time feedback of the highly repeatable 3D visual measurement instrument (VMI), the tracking and synchronous errors of the dual manipulators converge synchronously to zero. Finally, the stability of proposed control algorithm is proven by the Lyapunov method. In the end, the real-time line and circle path tracking experimental results using two industrial manipulators demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.