A detailed experimental study was carried out on the critical heat flux (CHF) condition for flow boiling of R134a in single circular microtubes. The test sections had inner diameters (ID) of 0.50 mm, 0.96 mm, and 1.60 mm. Experiments were conducted over a large range of mass flux, inlet subcooling, saturation pressure, and vapor quality. CHF occurred under saturated conditions at high qualities and increased with increasing mass fluxes, tube diameters, and inlet subcoolings. CHF generally, but not always, decreases with increasing saturation pressures and vapor qualities. The experimental data were mapped to the flow pattern maps developed by Hasan [2005, “Two-Phase Flow Regime Transitions in Microchannels: A Comparative Experimental Study,” Nanoscale Microscale Thermophys. Eng., 9, pp. 165–182] and Revellin and Thome [2007, “A New Type of Diabatic Flow Pattern Map for Boiling Heat Transfer in Microchannels,” J. Micromech. Microeng., 17, pp. 788–796]. Based on these maps, CHF mainly occurred in the annular flow regime in the larger tubes. The flow pattern for the 0.50 mm ID tube was not conclusively identified. Four correlations—the Bowring correlation, the Katto-Ohno correlation, the Thome correlation, and the Zhang correlation—were used to predict the experimental data. The correlations predicted the correct experimental trend, but the mean absolute error (MAE) was high A new correlation was developed to fit the experimental data with a MAE of 10%.
Flow Boiling of R134a in Circular Microtubes—Part II: Study of Critical Heat Flux Condition
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Basu, S., Ndao, S., Michna, G. J., Peles, Y., and Jensen, M. K. (February 3, 2011). "Flow Boiling of R134a in Circular Microtubes—Part II: Study of Critical Heat Flux Condition." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. May 2011; 133(5): 051503. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4003160
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