This study deals with resistance spot welding process modeling. Particular attention must be paid to the interfacial conditions, which strongly influence the nugget growth. Imperfect contact conditions are usually used in the macroscopic model to account for the electrical and thermal volume phenomena, which occur near a metallic interface crossed by an electric current. One approach consists in representing microconstriction phenomena by surface contact parameters: The share coefficient and the thermal and electrical contact resistances, which depend on the contact temperature. The aim of this work is to determine the share coefficient and the contact temperature through a numerical model on a microscopic scale. This surface approach does not make it possible to correctly represent the temperature profiles, with the peak temperature, observed in the immediate vicinity of the interface and thus to define, in practice, the contact temperature correctly. That is why another approach is proposed with the introduction of a low thickness layer (third body) at the level of the interface the electric and thermal resistances of which are equivalent to the electrical and thermal contact resistance values. In this case, the parameters of the model are reduced to the thickness of the arbitrarily fixed layer and equivalent electric and thermal conductivities in the thin layer, the partition coefficient and the contact temperature becoming implicit. The two types of thermoelectric contact models are tested within the framework of the numerical simulation of a spot welding test. The nugget growth development is found to be much different with each model.
A Microscopic Approach to Determine Electrothermal Contact Conditions During Resistance Spot Welding Process
Rogeon, P., Raoelison, R., Carre, P., and Dechalotte, F. (December 29, 2008). "A Microscopic Approach to Determine Electrothermal Contact Conditions During Resistance Spot Welding Process." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. February 2009; 131(2): 022101. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3000596
Download citation file: