The flow and heat transfer phenomena inside an underground thermal storage tank, initially filled with hot water at an almost uniform temperature and then left to interact with the cold surroundings, are studied numerically. The purpose of the study is to gain insight into how these phenomena affect the heat losses to the surroundings, before a new charging process takes place. A two-dimensional numerical model to solve for the transient flow and thermal fields within the tank coupled with the heat transport through the tank walls and within the ground are employed. Natural convection is found to dominate at the early transients when a strong recirculation develops, with a Rayleigh number characteristic of turbulent flow. A low-Re turbulence model is used for the computation. As time proceeds and the temperature differences between water and surroundings decrease, the recirculation decays and the heat transfer is dominated by thermal diffusion. The ground properties are varied, mainly in order to account for different moisture contents in the ground. Comparisons are made under realistic conditions with preliminary experimental results showing satisfactory agreement.
Transient Hydrodynamic Phenomena and Conjugate Heat Transfer During Cooling of Water in an Underground Thermal Storage Tank
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received by the Heat Transfer Division December 27, 2002; revision received October 27, 2003. Associate Editor: K. S. Ball.
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Papanicolaou, E., and Belessiotis , V. (March 10, 2004). "Transient Hydrodynamic Phenomena and Conjugate Heat Transfer During Cooling of Water in an Underground Thermal Storage Tank ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. February 2004; 126(1): 84–96. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1643907
Download citation file: