This paper develops a liquid film symmetry correlation and a liquid film thickness distribution model for horizontal annular gas-liquid pipe flows. The symmetry correlation builds on the work of Williams et al. (1996) (Droplet Flux Distributions and Entrainment in Horizontal Gas-Liquid Flows,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, Vol. 22, pp. 1–18). A new correlating parameter is presented. The liquid film thickness model is based on the work of Laurinat et al. (1985) (Film Thickness Distribution for Gas-Liquid Annular Flow in a Horizontal Pipe,” PhysicoChem. Hydrodynam., Vol. 6, pp. 179–195). The circumferential momentum equation is simplified to a balance between the normal Reynolds stress in the film’s circumferential direction and the circumferential component of the weight of the film. A model for the normal Reynolds stress in the circumferential direction is proposed. The symmetry correlation is used to close the model equations. The model is valid for films with disturbance waves, and is shown to be applicable to air-water flows over a range of conditions from low velocity asymmetric to high velocity symmetric annular flows. [S0098-2202(00)02102-7]
Prediction of the Circumferential Film Thickness Distribution in Horizontal Annular Gas-Liquid Flow
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division January 30, 1999; revised manuscript received February 16, 2000. Associate Technical Editor: P. E. Raad.
Hurlburt, E. T., and Newell, T. A. (February 16, 2000). "Prediction of the Circumferential Film Thickness Distribution in Horizontal Annular Gas-Liquid Flow ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. June 2000; 122(2): 396–402. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.483269
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