Pressure drop experiments on natural gas flow in 150 mm pipes at 80 to 120 bar pressure and high Reynolds number were carried out for pipes smooth to rough surfaces. The roughness was measured with an accurate stylus instrument and analyzed using fractal methods. Using a similar approach to that of Nikuradse the measured friction factor was related to the measured roughness values. Taking the value of the relative roughness and dividing it by the slope of the power spectrum of the measured roughness, a greatly improved fit with the measured friction factor was obtained. Indeed, a new friction factor correlation was obtained, but now formulated in terms of direct measurement of roughness.
Issue Section:Technical Papers
Keywords:Friction Factor, Turbulent Flow, Wall Roughness, Pressure Drop, Natural Gas, surface topography measurement, friction, mechanical variables measurement, flow measurement, pressure measurement, turbulence, pipe flow, natural gas technology, fractals
Topics:Flow (Dynamics), Friction, Pipes, Surface roughness
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