The air-sintering characteristics and electrical conductivity of (Sr1−xLax)TiO3 perovskites (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) synthesized by the citric acid method were evaluated in terms of their use as interconnect materials in solid oxide fuel cells. A single perovskite phase of (Sr0.8La0.2)TiO3 powder was formed at 800 °C. In this powder, a Ruddlesden–Popper Sr2TiO4 layer appeared in the temperature range of 1100–1500 °C, and disappeared at 1600 °C. (Sr0.8La0.2)TiO3 powders which were calcined at 1000–1100 °C showed the best sintering characteristics. The relative density of the samples reached 94% at 1400 °C, although the Ruddlesden–Popper layer remained in this dense sample. Electrical conductivities of (Sr1−xLax)TiO3 bars at 1000 °C were approximately 0.10–1.1 S cm−1 in air and 7.1–12 S cm−1 in a reducing atmosphere. For a (Sr0.9La0.1)TiO3 pellet placed between both air and reducing atmospheres, the conductivity at 850 °C was 0.033 S cm−1, which is close to that in air. No compositional dependency on electrical conductivity was observed for the (Sr1−xLax)TiO3 pellets.
Sintering Characteristics and Electrical Conductivity of (Sr1−xLax)TiO3 Synthesized by the Citric Acid Method
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Wang, Z., and Mori, M. (July 5, 2011). "Sintering Characteristics and Electrical Conductivity of (Sr1−xLax)TiO3 Synthesized by the Citric Acid Method." ASME. J. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol. October 2011; 8(5): 051018. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4003993
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