This study presents the development of an embedded system for controlling a high-speed robotic manipulator. Three different types of controllers including hardware proportional derivative (PD), software PD, and single time scale visual servoing are considered in this study. Novel field programmable gate array (FPGA) technology was used for implementing the embedded system for faster execution speeds and parallelism. It is comprised of dedicated hardware and software modules for obtaining sensor feedback and control signal (CT) estimation, providing the control signal to the servovalves. A NIOS II virtual soft processor system was configured in the FPGA for implementing functions that are computationally expensive and difficult to implement in hardware. Quadrature decoding, serial peripheral interface (SPI) input and output modules, and control signal estimation in some cases was carried out using the dedicated hardware modules. The experiments show that the proposed controller performed satisfactory control of the end effector position. It performed single time scale visual servoing with control signal updates at 330 Hz to control the end effector trajectory at speeds of up to 0.8 ms−1. The FPGA technology also provided a more compact single chip implementation of the controller.
An Embedded System for a High-Speed Manipulator With Single Time Scale Visual Servoing
Contributed by the Dynamic Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS, MEASUREMENT, AND CONTROL. Manuscript received April 12, 2016; final manuscript received January 5, 2017; published online May 10, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Heikki Handroos.
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Liyanage, M. H., and Krouglicof, N. (May 10, 2017). "An Embedded System for a High-Speed Manipulator With Single Time Scale Visual Servoing." ASME. J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control. July 2017; 139(7): 071007. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4035740
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