Predicting the behavior of a saturated rock with variations in pore fluid pressure during geo-energy production and storage, deep geological disposal of nuclear wastes, etc. with skeletal mechanical behavior in the linear elastic range is carried out using the isothermal theory of poroelasticity that incorporates Biot's effective stress principle. For conditions that are not within linear elasticity, other effective stress coefficients are used. Several experimental methods for determining Biot's and other effective stress coefficients have been documented in the literature. The objective of this study is to review the fundamentals of these techniques, their advantages and disadvantages, and to include several case studies. Current techniques for Biot's coefficient are based on different premises: jacketed and unjacketed bulk moduli or compressibility values; volume changes of the bulk and pore fluid from a drained triaxial test on a saturated sample; isotropic-isochoric compression tests on a saturated sample; matching volumetric strains for dry and saturated samples; estimation of the Biot coefficient from other poroelastic parameters; and approximation of the jacketed bulk modulus from ultrasonic wave velocities and/or unjacketed bulk modulus from the mineralogical compositions. Other effective stress coefficients are based on matching failure envelopes for dry and saturated samples and variations of rock properties (such as volumetric strain, permeability, and ultrasonic wave velocities) with respect to confining stress and pore pressure. This article discusses variations in Biot's and other effective stress coefficients produced using the different techniques and how factors such as pore geometry, test conditions, stress path, and test temperature affect the coefficients.