Last stage of the palliative surgical reconstruction (i.e. Fontan procedure) for the infants with functional single-ventricle is total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC), where the superior vena cavae (SVC) and inferior vena cavae (IVC) are routed directly into the pulmonary arteries. Limited pumping energy available due to the absence of right-ventricle and altered venous characteristics require optimized hemodynamics inside the TCPC pathway, which can be achieved by minimizing the power losses.

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