The normal spine is a flexible column designed to maintain stability, position and can carry a considerable load. Degeneration weakens the spine by adversely affecting spinal stability, which is observed when a motion segment exhibits abnormally large displacements under applications of physiological load. Furthermore, degeneration noticeably changes the load-bearing role of the intervertebral disc (IVD) during compression and extension by shifting significantly to the facet joint (FJ).
Facet Joint Capsule Strains as a Result of Normal and Degenerate Intervertebral Discs
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Saldanha, AC, Qin, Y, Goel, VK, & Khalsa, PS. "Facet Joint Capsule Strains as a Result of Normal and Degenerate Intervertebral Discs." Proceedings of the ASME 2007 Summer Bioengineering Conference. ASME 2007 Summer Bioengineering Conference. Keystone, Colorado, USA. June 20–24, 2007. pp. 671-672. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2007-176735
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