This paper presents results from an experimental investigation about the influence of loading history on the elastic modulus of high-density polyethylene (HDPE). The study uses a new approach, named two-test method, to introduce the loading history using the first test and at least one month later, to measure the elastic modulus using the second test. The period of minimum one month between the two tests is to ensure that recovery of the viscous deformation from the first tests does not affect the measured elastic modulus from the second tests. Parameters considered to vary the loading history include maximum deformation (with the area strain up to 0.5 in most cases), loading mode (monotonic, cyclic and creep tension), test speed (from 0.005 to 30 mm/min), and stress triaxiality (through the change in the specimen gauge length), in which the area strain is defined as the logarithmic ratio of the original cross sectional area (i.e., the cross sectional area of virgin specimen) to the deformed cross sectional area. All of the second tests were conducted under monotonic tension at the crosshead speed of 0.001 mm/min. The results show the general trend of decrease of the elastic modulus, measured from the second tests, with the increase of the strain applied in the first tests. The results further indicate that test speed for deformation introduced in the first tests may have a significant influence on the elastic modulus measured from the second tests. The elastic modulus is used to determine damage parameter D based on the damage concept, based on influence of the loading history on the mechanical properties of HDPE is characterized.
Effect of Loading History on Elastic Modulus of HDPE
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Jar, PB. "Effect of Loading History on Elastic Modulus of HDPE." Proceedings of the ASME 2015 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 6B: Materials and Fabrication. Boston, Massachusetts, USA. July 19–23, 2015. V06BT06A045. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2015-45317
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