The aim of this paper is to examine the utility of nonlinear analysis for structural response to thermal and mechanical loads, for a structure containing alternating regions of high and low stiffness as a result of inclusion of bellow sections. Utility is measured by comparison of results of linear and nonlinear analyses. The specific example used is that of an exhaust manifold for a large diesel engine. The paper discusses modeling of geometric and material nonlinearity, and makes recommendations in regard to which nonlinear effects are thought to be significant, based on the linear/nonlinear comparisons. The paper also contains general comments on the finite element modeling of structures containing bellows.

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