The rural electrification program initiated in Peru in order to achieve the 2012 rural electrification target was developed to forecast energy systems from both conventional and renewable resources. This program has proposed three scenarios for gradual increasing of the amount of renewable energy generation (36% of the 2012 target). However, it’s necessary to analyze the situation because the renewable energy rural market shows a low income for private investors although it has a high social impact. So, there is still significant risk for the development of renewable energy systems that could be minimized by using decentralized biomass energy systems with the application of small-scale-technologies.

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