Energy crisis has directed scientific efforts to increase the efficiency of power generation systems. Thermodynamic optimization of MHD (Magneto Hydrodynamic) generator based combined cycles due to their high operating temperatures may seriously reduce exergy, destruction and improve the second law efficiency. In this research a combined cycle, comprising of MHD cycle as topping and gas turbine cycle as bottoming cycle has been simulated and analyzed and its pros and cons have been exposed. The first and second law efficiencies have been estimated from the operating pressures and temperatures of the system. To calculate the second law efficiency, the entropy generation of all components of the combined cycle has been parametrically calculated. Furthermore, the optimal pressure ratio and working temperature for both cycles are represented. The influence of pressure loss in pipeline and the effect of heat exchanger performance on the cycle efficiency have been considered as well.

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