Dry machining is a cluster of sustainable manufacturing processes to eliminate the negative environmental effect of machining coolants. It is critical to ensure that product quality cannot be sacrificed for achieving sustainability. The progress of tool flank wear during hard milling adversely affects surface integrity and, therefore, fatigue life of machined components. This paper focuses on the influence of tool flank wear on residual stress and fatigue properties in dry end milling AISI H13 tool steel (50 ± 1 HRC) using PVD coated tools. The effects of flank wear (VB = 0, 0.1, and 0.2 mm) on residual stresses at three different feeds were studied. Four-point bending fatigue tests were performed on the samples machined at five levels of tool flank wears (VB = 0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20 mm) and surface fatigue initiations of the fatigued samples were identified by the fractographic method.

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