Demand for natural gas using LNG and pipelines to supply the world’s gas markets is increasing. Under the large demand for high-strength linepipe, crack arrestability is one of the most important properties. DWTT (Drop Weight Tear Test) is the major test method for evaluating crack arrestability. Generally, a DWTT shear area of 85% or higher is required as the acceptance criteria, such as those of the API (American Petroleum Institute). In high-toughness linepipe steels, the abnormal fracture frequently occurs in DWTT. Abnormal fracture is defined as a cleavage fracture on the hammer side. However, the mechanism for occurrence of the abnormal fracture during DWTT has not been fully clarified. This paper describes the effect of plastic deformation on occurrence of abnormal fracture during DWTT using various steels with different microstructures. Each DWTT was carried out at the same test temperature using 20 mm plates with approximately the same tensile strength. This paper describes the deformation during DWTT, which consists of deformation caused by hammer impact, bending compression, and bending tension. The deformation due to the impact of the hammer during DWTT on a 20 mm plate was limited, and the location affected by the hammer impact did not correspond to that where abnormal fracture occurred. Moreover, the equivalent plastic strain from bending deformation was dominant as compared with that of hammer impact regardless of the microstructure. This suggests that abnormal fracture occurred by exceeding the critical equivalent plastic strain due to the bending deformation.
Effect of Plastic Deformation on Occurrence of Abnormal Fracture During DWTT
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Fujishiro, T, Hara, T, & Aihara, S. "Effect of Plastic Deformation on Occurrence of Abnormal Fracture During DWTT." Proceedings of the 2012 9th International Pipeline Conference. Volume 3: Materials and Joining. Calgary, Alberta, Canada. September 24–28, 2012. pp. 159-165. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IPC2012-90165
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