Flow patterns in molten quartz are highly related to the bubble transport and removal. Understanding the flow behavior in molten quartz is of great importance to the manufacture of high-purity quartz glass. In this paper, a numerical model is set up to simulate the flow field of molten quartz in a typical electric heating furnace. Natural convection and Marangoni convection are examined for their respective effects on the flow pattern of molten quartz. Different heater arrangements will change the flow field by varying temperature distributions. Top heating and bottom heating have the same vortex direction; while side heating induces an opposite direction to them. To improve the flow field in molten quartz, forced convection is introduced by crucible rotation. The influences of rotating speed of crucible on the flow field are studied in a wide range varying from 0 to 100 rad/s. With the increase of rotating speed, a reverse vortex to natural convection shows in molten quartz; and the velocity magnitude increase at a growing speed. To find out the optimal flow pattern for quartz glass manufacture, a qualitative analysis is presented on the reliance of bubble transport behavior on the convection modes. Based on the results, useful suggestions are provided towards increasing the bubble-free area of molten quartz and improving the quality of quartz glass.

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