A renewable energy harvesting system is designed and tested for micro power generation. Such systems have applications ranging from mobile use to off-grid remote applications. This study analyzed the use of micro power generation for small unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) flight operations. The renewable energy harvesting system consisted of a small wind turbine, flexible type PV panels and a small fuel cell. Fuel cell is considered the stable source while PV and wind turbine produced varying power output. The load of around 250 W is simulated by a small motor. The micro wind turbine with the total length of 4.5 m and the disk diameter of 1.8 m is tested. The micro wind turbine dimensions make it big enough to be used to charge batteries yet small enough to be installed on rooftops or easily transportable. The wind turbine blades are installed at an angle of 22°, with respect to the disk plane, as it gives the highest rotation. The voltage and current output for the corresponding RPM and wind speeds are recorded for the wind turbine. Two 2 m and a single 1 m long WaveSol Light PV panels are tested. The PV tests are conducted to get the current and voltage output with respect to the solar flux. The variation in solar flux represented the time of day and seasons. A 250 W PEM fuel cell is tested to run the desired load. Fuel cell’s hydrogen pressure drop is recorded against the output electrical power and the run time is recorded. System performance is evaluated under different operating and environmental conditions. Data is collected for a wide range of conditions to analyze the usability of renewable energy harvesting system. This energy harvesting method significantly improves the usability and output of the renewable energy sources. It also shows that small renewable energy systems have existing applications.
Energy Harvesting Using Small Renewable Energy Sources: UAV Application
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Zafar, S, & Gadalla, M. "Energy Harvesting Using Small Renewable Energy Sources: UAV Application." Proceedings of the ASME 2015 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 6B: Energy. Houston, Texas, USA. November 13–19, 2015. V06BT07A050. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2015-51650
Download citation file: