Based on the units of single-opened-chain limb, some topological characteristics of rank-degenerate parallel robot mechanisms are revealed, and a systematic methodology for the structural synthesis of a class of five degree-of-freedom parallel robot mechanisms is put forward in this paper. 49 new mechanisms with three translational and two rotational degrees of freedom are synthesized and classified. The method proposed in this paper is of universal significance and has been used for the structure synthesis of rank-degenerate parallel robot mechanisms with other kinematics output types.

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