This paper is concerned with an inverse problem of the active control of non-steady dynamic vibration in elastic beams. A simulation technique based on the boundary element method and the extended Kalman filter or a new filter theory is successfully applied to the inverse problem. The Laplace-transform integral equation method is used for the solution of dynamic bending vibration in elastic beams. Through a Taylor series expansion, the linear system of equations is derived for modification of the unknown parameters, and it is solved iteratively so that an appropriate norm is minimized. The usefulness of the proposed method of inverse analysis is demonstrated through numerical computation of a few examples.