A sodium-cooled fast reactor is a significant candidate for future power reactor systems. Decay heat removal is an essential function of reactor safety systems The decay heat removal system should have the capacity to remove the decay heat with natural circulation in any accident. There are three types of decay heat removal systems, namely direct reactor auxiliary cooling system, primary reactor auxiliary cooling system, and intermediate reactor auxiliary cooling system. The one dimensional systems analysis code THACS was applied to conduct transient analyses of a sodium-cooled fast reactor, and the capabilities of three types of decay heat removal systems against a station blackout accident were compared. The results indicate that these three types of decay heat removal systems can remove the residual heat effectively. For large-scale sodium-cooled fast reactor, the capabilities of primary reactor auxiliary cooling system and intermediate reactor auxiliary cooling system were better, because the cold sodium from the penetrating heat exchanger in these two auxiliary cooling systems could directly flow into the core assemblies.
The Choose of Decay Heat Removal Systems of SFR
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Yue, N, Cai, R, Wang, Y, Qiu, S, & Zhang, D. "The Choose of Decay Heat Removal Systems of SFR." Proceedings of the 2018 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 6A: Thermal-Hydraulics and Safety Analyses. London, England. July 22–26, 2018. V06AT08A053. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE26-81563
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