Fine crystalline powders of KCuFC were immobilized with alginate gel polymers by sol-gel methods. The uptake properties of KCuFC-microcapsules (KCuFC-MC) were examined by batch and column methods. The size of KCuFC-MC particle was estimated to be about 1 mm in diameter, and KCuFC powders were uniformly dispersed in KCuFC-MC particles. The uptake rate of Pd2+ for KCuFC-MC was attained within 3 d, and the uptake of Pd2+ was found to be independent of the temperature and coexisting HNO3 concentration. As for the breakthrough properties of Pd2+ through a column packed with KCuFC-MC, a breakpoint of 5% breakthrough was enhanced with lowering of flow rate and independent of coexisting HNO3 concentration. The Pd2+ ions were selectively adsorbed in the KCuFC crystal phase, while other metal ions such as Ru(NO)3+ and ZrO2+ were absorbed in the alginate phase. High uptake percentage of 98.6% was obtained by using the dissolved solutions of spent fuel from FBR-JOYO (119 GWd/t, JAEA). The alginate film enclosing KZnFC was further prepared by using the support of cellulose filter paper, where the Pd2+ ions were selectively adsorbed on the KZnFC-MC film. The alginate film enclosing insoluble ferrocyanides are predicted for the selective separation of Pd2+ as an ion-exchange filter. Thus, the microcapsules enclosing insoluble ferrocyanides are effective for the selective separation of Pd2+ from high-level liquid waste (HLLW).
- Nuclear Engineering Division and Environmental Engineering Division
Selective Uptake of Palladium From High-Level Liquid Wastes by Hybrid Microcapsules Enclosed With Insoluble Ferrocyanides
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Mimura, H, Sakakibara, T, Yan, W, Niibori, Y, Koyama, S, & Ohnishi, T. "Selective Uptake of Palladium From High-Level Liquid Wastes by Hybrid Microcapsules Enclosed With Insoluble Ferrocyanides." Proceedings of the ASME 2010 13th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management. ASME 2010 13th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management, Volume 2. Tsukuba, Japan. October 3–7, 2010. pp. 265-272. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEM2010-40103
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