Abstract

Despite the importance of turbocharged engines with radial inflow dual-volute turbines, their characteristic maps and fully predictive modelling using 1D gas dynamic codes are not well established yet. The complexity of the unsteady flow and the unequal admission of these turbines, when operating with pulses of engine exhaust gas, makes them a challenging system. This is mainly due to the unequal flow admission, which generates an additional degree of freedom with respect to well-known single entry vanned or vaneless turbines. This paper has as a main novelty a simple procedure for characterizing experimentally and elaborating characteristic maps of these turbines with unequal flow conditions. This method of analysis allows for easy interpolation within the proposed characteristic maps or conceiving simple models for calculating and extrapolating full performance parameters of dual-volute turbines.

Here, also described are two innovative 0D mean-line models that require a minimum quantity of experimental data for calibrating both: the mass flow parameter model and the isentropic efficiency model. Both models are predictive either in partial or unequal flow admission conditions using as inputs: the mass flow ratio between branches; the total temperature ratio between branches; the blade to jet speed ratio in each branch and the pressure ratio in each branch. These six inputs are generally instantaneously provided by 1D gas-dynamics codes. Therefore, the novelty of the model is its ability to be used in a quasi-steady way for dual-volute turbines performance prediction. This can be done instantaneously when turbines are calculated operating at turbocharged engines under pulsating and unequal flow conditions.

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