For modern steam turbines with large operating range and enhanced efficiency an ultra-long last stage rotor blade in a low pressure turbine part for high backpressure and 50 Hz fixed speed operation have been developed. An advanced design approach was used to create the blade shape with a high thermodynamic efficiency, high natural frequencies and a very high safety factor of average radial static stress in the blade span. Furthermore, the tip section of the bucket was improved to decrease a static tension and the hub section was refined to simplify the assembly. Tip and hub airfoils were experimentally validated in a supersonic wind tunnel. An advanced in-house procedure using numerical analysis to predict a potential danger of unstalled flutter was carried out for wide range of operating conditions.

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