Cooling flow behavior is investigated within the multiple serpentine passages with turbulators on the leading and trailing walls of an axial gas turbine blade operating at design-corrected conditions with accurate external flow conditions. Pressure and temperature measurements at midspan within the passages are obtained using miniature butt-welded thermocouples and miniature Kulite pressure transducers. These measurements, as well as airfoil surface pressure field data from a full CFD simulation, are used as boundary conditions for a model that provides quantitative values of film-cooling blowing ratio for each film cooling hole on the blade. The model accounts for the continuously changing cross-sectional area and shape of the channels, frictional pressure loss, convective heat transfer from the solid portion of the blade, massflow reduction as coolant bleeds out through film-cooling or impingement holes, compressibility effects, and the effects of blade rotation.
The results of the model provide detailed coolant ejection information for a film-cooled rotating turbine airfoil operating at design-corrected conditions, and also accounts for the highly variable freestream conditions on the airfoil. While these values are commonly known for simpler experimental geometries, they have previously either been unknown or estimated crudely for full-stage experiments of this nature. The better-quantified cooling parameters provide a bridge for better comparison with the wealth of film-cooling work already reported for simplified geometries. The calculation also shows the significant range in blowing ratio that can arise even among a single row of cooling holes associated with one of the turbulated passages, due to significant changes in both coolant, and local freestream massfluxes.