The exhaust hood of a steam turbine is a vital area of turbomachinery research its performance strongly influences the power output of the last stage blades. It is well known that accurate CFD simulations are only achieved when the last stage blades are coupled to the exhaust hood to capture the strong interaction. This however presents challenges as the calculation size grows rapidly when the full annulus is calculated. The size of the simulation means researchers are constantly searching of methods to reduce the computational effort without compromising solution accuracy.

This work uses a novel approach, by coupling the last stage blades and exhaust hood by the Non-Linear Harmonic Method, a technique widely used to reduce calculation size in high pressure turbine blades and axial compressors. This has been benchmarked against the widely adopted Mixing Plane method. The test case used is the Generic Geometry, a representative exhaust hood and last stage blade geometry that is free from confidentiality and IP restrictions and for which first calculations were presented at last year’s conference [1]. The results show that the non-uniform exhaust hood inlet flow can be captured using the non-liner harmonic method, an effect not previously achievable with single passage coupled calculations such as the mixing plane approach. This offers a significant computational saving, estimated to be a quarter of the computation time compared with alternative methods of capturing the asymmetry with full annulus frozen rotor calculations.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.