Stable combustion is one of the most important requirements for the development of heavy duty gas turbine engines that comply with stringent environmental regulations at high firing temperatures. In this research, one of the typical combustion instabilities which is caused by an acoustically forced velocity disturbance is investigated using variable density LES simulations. The G-equation approach for LES is used as the combustion model , and an experiment by Balachandran et al. [2, 3] is selected for case study. The velocity profiles in the experimental combustion chamber are compared with experimentally measured data at non-reacting conditions and it is confirmed that these are in good agreement. At the reacting conditions, predicted flame shapes are compared with OH PLIF measurements. The transfer function of the heat release due to inlet velocity forcing at 40 Hz and 160 Hz frequencies is also compared with the experimental data. These are in good agreement, including the nonlinear response of heat release. The transfer function is highly related to the flow field. The non-linearity of the transfer function can be traced to the interaction of the flow field in the combustion chamber with the combustion process itself.
Study of Combustion Instabilities Imposed by Inlet Velocity Disturbance in Combustor Using LES
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Sato, K, Knudsen, E, & Pitsch, H. "Study of Combustion Instabilities Imposed by Inlet Velocity Disturbance in Combustor Using LES." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2009: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 2: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions. Orlando, Florida, USA. June 8–12, 2009. pp. 87-99. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2009-59132
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