In this paper, a new gas turbine cycle with integrated post-combustion CO2 capture is presented. The concept advantageously uses an intercooled gas turbine in combination with exhaust gas recirculation to enable CO2 separation at elevated concentration and pressure. Therefore, less energy is required for the CO2 separation process. In addition, due to the reduced volume flow entering the CO2 separation unit, the costs of the CO2 separation equipment are significantly reduced. The performance and cost of CO2 avoided of the power cycle have been analyzed. The results show that the concept is able to reach high CO2 capture rates of 80% and above. When accounting for CO2 capture and compression, nearly 50% (LHV) combined cycle net efficiency is obtained based on an existing medium scale intercooled gas turbine. Furthermore, the cycle has an even higher efficiency potential if applied to larger intercooled gas turbine combined cycles in the future. Using CO2 separation membrane technology which is currently under development, the cost of CO2 avoided is estimated at 31 $/tCO2 based on a medium scale intercooled gas turbine. A future scaled-up configuration based on a large-frame intercooled gas turbine has the potential to meet 30 $/tCO2 cost of CO2 avoided.
Performance and Cost Analysis of a Novel Gas Turbine Cycle With CO2 Capture
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Finkenrath, M, Ursin, TP, Hoffmann, S, Bartlett, M, Evulet, A, Bowman, MJ, Lynghjem, A, & Jakobsen, J. "Performance and Cost Analysis of a Novel Gas Turbine Cycle With CO2 Capture." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 3: Turbo Expo 2007. Montreal, Canada. May 14–17, 2007. pp. 337-343. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2007-27764
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