To experiment 20kW OTEC, the closed-cycle type of OTEC (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion) was designed and manufactured. R32 (Difluoromethane, CH2F2) was used as the working fluid and a temperature of heat source and heat sink is 26°C, 5°C, respectively. The semi-welded type heat exchanger is applied for the evaporator and condenser and the cycle was designed for the gross power of 20kW. In the plate arrangement of the semi-welded type heat exchanger, one channel for working fluid is welded, and another channel for seawater is sealed by gasket. In this paper, various performance evaluations and experiments were carried out as constructing subminiature pilot plant of the OTEC and compared with the results of cycle analysis. In results, gross power of the turbine shows 20.1kW and cycle efficiency is 1.91% when heat source and heat sink is 26°C, 5°C. For the variation of temperature difference between the heat source and heat sink, when the temperature difference was 21°C, the gross power increased by about 33.3% from that when the temperature difference was 19 °C.

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