Solar H2 production by the two-step water splitting process with thermochemical reaction has been proposed to convert solar energy into chemical energy. We succeeded in repeating the cyclic two-step water splitting process composed of the O2-releasing and H2-generation reactions with metal (Fe, Ni) doped ceria. The metal doped ceria with low content of metal ion (Fe3+, Ni2+) formed a solid solution with fluorite-type structure between ceria (CeO2) and metal oxide (Fe2O3, NiO). The empirical formula of the solid solution was Ce1-αMαO2−δ (M = Fe, Ni), and it was assumed that the high reactivity on the two-step water splitting process was due to an oxygen deficiency in the solid solution. The metal doped ceria with different Ce:M mole ratio (Ce:M = 0.97:0.03–0.7:0.3) was prepared through the combustion method. The two-step water-splitting process with metal doped ceria proceeded at 1673K for the O2-releasing reaction and at 1273K for the H2-generation reaction by irradiation of an infrared imaging lamp for a solar simulator. The amounts of H2 gas evolved in the H2-generation reaction with Fe-doped ceria and Ni-doped ceria with different Ce:M (M = Fe, Ni) mole ratio were 0.97–1.8 and 1.7–2.5 cm3/g, respectively, and the evolved H2/O2 ratios were approximately equaled to 2 of the stoichiometric value. The amounts of H2 and O2 gases evolved in the two-step water splitting process varied with the Ce:M mole ratio in the metal doped ceria. It was suggested that the O2-releasing and H2-generation reactions with metal doped ceria was repeated with the reduction and oxidation of Ce4+-Ce3+ enhanced by the presence of Fe or Ni ions. Furthermore, the O2-releasing reaction with Ni-doped ceria proceeded under a high O2 partial pressure atmosphere (pO2 = 0.05 atm) and at the temperature of 1773K. The progress of the O2-releasing reaction under a high pO2 indicates that metal doped ceria can be applicable for the rotary-type solar reactor developed by Tokyo Tech group for solar H2 production.
- Advanced Energy Systems Division and Solar Energy Division
Solar H2 Production From a Two-Step Water Splitting Process With Metal (Fe, Ni) Doped Ceria
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Kaneko, H, Naganuma, Y, Taku, S, Ouchi, K, Hasegawa, N, & Tamaura, Y. "Solar H2 Production From a Two-Step Water Splitting Process With Metal (Fe, Ni) Doped Ceria." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 2nd International Conference on Energy Sustainability collocated with the Heat Transfer, Fluids Engineering, and 3rd Energy Nanotechnology Conferences. ASME 2008 2nd International Conference on Energy Sustainability, Volume 2. Jacksonville, Florida, USA. August 10–14, 2008. pp. 397-402. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ES2008-54281
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