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Research Papers

Optimal Command for Photovoltaic Systems in Real Outdoor Weather Conditions

[+] Author and Article Information
Hafsa Abouadane

Laboratory of Condensed Matter of Physics and Renewable Energy,
Faculty of Sciences and Technology Mohammedia,
Department of Electrical Engineering,
University Hassan II of Casablanca,
B.P.146, Mohammedia 28806, Morocco
e-mail: Hafsa.abouadane@gmail.com

Abderrahim Fakkar

Laboratory of Condensed Matter of Physics and Renewable Energy,
Faculty of Sciences and Technology Mohammedia,
Department of Electrical Engineering,
University Hassan II of Casablanca,
B.P.146, Mohammedia 28806, Morocco
e-mail: fakkara@yahoo.fr

Benyounes Oukarfi

Laboratory of Condensed Matter of Physics and Renewable Energy,
Faculty of Sciences and Technology Mohammedia,
Department of Electrical Engineering,
University Hassan II of Casablanca,
B.P.146, Mohammedia 28806, Morocco
e-mail: oukarfi.b@gmail.com

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Solar Energy Engineering: Including Wind Energy and Building Energy Conservation. Manuscript received November 17, 2018; final manuscript received June 5, 2019; published online July 11, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Nieves Vela.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 142(1), 011002 (Jul 11, 2019) (9 pages) Paper No: SOL-18-1527; doi: 10.1115/1.4044125 History: Received November 17, 2018; Accepted June 11, 2019

The photovoltaic panel is characterized by a unique point called the maximum power point (MPP) where the panel produces its maximum power. However, this point is highly influenced by the weather conditions and the fluctuation of load which drop the efficiency of the photovoltaic system. Therefore, the insertion of the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) is compulsory to track the maximum power of the panel. The approach adopted in this paper is based on combining the strengths of two maximum power point tracking techniques. As a result, an efficient maximum power point tracking method is obtained. It leads to an accurate determination of the MPP during different situations of climatic conditions and load. To validate the effectiveness of the proposed MPPT method, it has been simulated in matlab/simulink under different conditions.

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References

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Figures

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Fig. 1

The equivalent circuit of the PV cell

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Fig. 2

P–V characteristic of the monocrystalline PV panel under (a) variable irradiation and (b) variable temperature

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Fig. 4

Buck converter topology

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Fig. 5

Approximation equations (a) for variable solar irradiation “G” and (b) for variable temperature “T

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Fig. 6

The proposed MPPT methods’ flowcharts: (a) method 1 and (b) method 2

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Fig. 7

PV system implementation in simulink

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Fig. 8

Abrupt variation of solar irradiation

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Fig. 9

Output power of the PV panel

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Fig. 10

Ramp profile of solar irradiation

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Fig. 11

Output power of the PV panel

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Fig. 12

Ramp profile of temperature

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Fig. 13

Output power of the PV panel

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Fig. 15

Output power of the PV panel

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Fig. 16

One-day solar irradiation profile

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Fig. 17

Output power of the PV panel

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