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research-article

Co-generation of solar electricity and agriculture produce by photovoltaic and photosynthesis - dual model by Abellon, India

[+] Author and Article Information
Beena Patel

Abellon Clean Energy Ltd, Sangeeta Complex, Near Parimal Railway Crossing, Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad - 380006, India
beena.patel@abelloncleanenergy.com

Bharat Gami

Abellon Clean Energy Ltd, Sangeeta Complex, Near Parimal Railway Crossing, Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad - 380006, India
bharat.gami@abelloncleanenergy.com

Vipul Baria

Abellon Agrisciences Ltd, Field Research station, Bhatkota village, Modasa, Sabarkantha- 383250, India
abellon@abellonagrisciences.com

Akash Patel

Research Scholar affiliated with Department of Biotechnology, Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University, Patan- 384265, Gujarat, India
akash.patel@abelloncleanenergy.com

Pankaj Patel

Abellon Clean Energy Ltd, Sangeeta Complex, Near Parimal Railway Crossing, Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad - 380006, India
pankaj.patel@abelloncleanenergy.com

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4041899 History: Received April 23, 2018; Revised October 26, 2018

Abstract

Sustainable use of land and water is crucial in the era of climate change. Abellon CleanEnergy has established 3 MW solar plant practicing agricultural under the solar panels to address food and energy security involving a rural community. This innovation is first of its kind named as "solar-agri-electric model". The water used for washing the solar panels to maintain efficiency by dust removal, irrigates agriculture produce under the panels. This gives 24-34 tones/hectare/year agriculture produced by reusing 78 lac liters water/year and capturing 250 tons of CO2 in vegetables as food. The 3 MW solar project is registered under Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) under UNFCCC that reduces 1 lac MT CO2 emissions over 25 years vis-a-vis fossil-fuels. Around 52 MT/year post harvested residues are used for organic fertilizer, composting and fodder. Compound wall to safeguard the project site allowed creeper vegetables to grow and reduces dust deposition on the panels through wind breaking filtration. This initiative enhanced degree of sustainability along with local employment of 215 people from 4 villages including 156 women. In India, 1059.64 MW installed solar plants have potential to sequester 1600000MT CO2/year with abilities of 10000MT of agricultural produce that could employ 2000 people. Worldwide solar farms have potential to sequester 143000 MTCO2 through vegetation producing 100000MT of agriculture produce annually. Efficient use of natural resources requires facilitation of local/regional policies with reference to climatic condition, agricultural potential and availability of natural resources.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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