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Research Papers

Performance Analysis and Optimization of Fresnel Lens Concentrated Solar Water Heater

[+] Author and Article Information
Vinod Kumar Soni

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Yeshwantrao Chavan College of Engineering,
Nagpur 441110, India
e-mail: vksoni@ycce.edu

R. L. Shrivastava

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Yeshwantrao Chavan College of Engineering,
Nagpur 441110, India
e-mail: rlshrivastava@gmail.com

S. P. Untawale

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Yeshwantrao Chavan College of Engineering,
Nagpur 441110, India
e-mail: untawale@gmail.com

Kshitij Shrivastava

Department of Ocean Engineering and Naval
Architecture,
Indian Institute of Technology,
Kharagpur 721302, India
e-mail: krshrivastava@gmail.com

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received April 18, 2018; final manuscript received October 23, 2018; published online November 14, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Gerardo Diaz.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 141(3), 031010 (Nov 14, 2018) (12 pages) Paper No: SOL-18-1178; doi: 10.1115/1.4041846 History: Received April 18, 2018; Revised October 23, 2018

Concentrated solar power (CSP) is a mature and efficient technology to cater the large-scale demand of hot water. Conventional reflectors/mirrors in CSP share 50% of total system cost. High installation as well as O&M cost is the major concern in reflector-based CSP. Apart from the above, manufacturing defects and adverse service environment cause premature degradation of reflectors and substantial drop in efficiency and service life. Performance analysis of an innovative optically concentrated solar water heater (OCSWH) using plurality of Fresnel lenses of poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) is presented in the work. Size and yield of any solar water heater (SWH) are mainly dependent on its aperture area, output temperature, and mass flow rate, which are termed herein as critical parameters. Series of experimentations is carried out by varying critical design and operating parameters viz. aperture area, outlet temperature, and rate of mass flow, and similar experimentation is also carried out on commercially available flat plate SWH to compare its performance. Loss of heat from riser and header pipes is restricted by application of effective insulation. Substantial improvement in collector efficiency, increase in rate of mass flow, and rise in discharge temperature with reference to flat plate collector are noted. Economics is also studied covering life cycle cost (LCC), life cycle saving (LCS), and energy payback period.

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References

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Long-term average of daily/yearly sum of direct normal irradiation [3]

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Fig. 2

Typical solar irradiance and DBT Dec. 9, 2014

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Fig. 3

Summary of experimental runs showing preferred range of critical parameters

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Fig. 4

Typical curves showing variation in inlet and outlet temperatures, mass flow, and DNI Dec. 9, 2014

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Fig. 5

Schematic arrangement of experimental setup

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Fig. 6

Various combinations of aperture area

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Fig. 7

Blocking the receiver

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Fig. 8

Experimentation on flat plate SWH (stationary)

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Fig. 9

Experimentation on flat plate SWH (tracking)

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Fig. 10

Performance curve collector efficiency versus aperture area

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Fig. 11

Performance curve aperture area versus mass flow rate and useful heat capture rate

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Fig. 12

Performance curve collector efficiency versus outlet temperature

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Fig. 13

Performance curve outlet temperature versus useful heat capture rate and mass flow rate

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Fig. 14

Performance curve mass flow rate versus useful heat capture rate and collector efficiency

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Fig. 15

Performance curve collector efficiency versus outlet temperature

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Fig. 16

Performance curve outlet temperature versus useful heat capture rate and mass flow rate

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Fig. 17

Performance curve mass flow rate versus collector efficiency

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Fig. 18

Performance curve mass flow rate versus useful heat capture rate and collector efficiency

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Fig. 19

Performance curve outlet temperature versus collector efficiency

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Fig. 20

Performance curve outlet temperature versus mass flow rate and useful heat capture rate

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Fig. 21

Performance curve outlet temperature versus mass flow rate

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Fig. 22

Performance curve mass flow rate versus useful heat capture rate and collector efficiency

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Fig. 23

Comparison of trend lines of mass flow rate and gain in temperature of OCSWH and FPC-SDWH

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Fig. 24

Comparison of trend lines of mass flow rate and energy capture rate of OCSWH and FPC-SDWH

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Fig. 25

Comparison of trend lines of mass flow rate and collector efficiency of OCSWH and FPC-SDWH

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