0
Research Papers

A Comparative Performance Study of Double Basin Single Slope Solar Still With and Without Using Nanoparticles

[+] Author and Article Information
Kalpesh V. Modi

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Government Engineering College,
Valsad 396001, Gujarat, India
e-mail: kvmgecv@gmail.com

Dhruvin L. Shukla

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Sarvajanik College of
Engineering and Technology,
Surat 395001, Gujarat, India

Dipak B. Ankoliya

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Government Engineering College,
Valsad 396001, Gujarat, India

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received February 1, 2018; final manuscript received October 11, 2018; published online November 14, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Gerardo Diaz.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 141(3), 031008 (Nov 14, 2018) (10 pages) Paper No: SOL-18-1048; doi: 10.1115/1.4041838 History: Received February 01, 2018; Revised October 11, 2018

In major region of the world, ample amount of fresh water is required for the drinking purpose as well as for the agricultural and industrial growth. Hence, it is necessary to investigate the alternate clean water extraction technologies to get the potable water from the saline water available at local area or inside the earth. One of the methods used to get the fresh water from the brackish water is solar distillation and the means used is called as a solar still. In the present work, single slope double basin solar still performance has been investigated with and without using Al2O3 nanoparticles at the location 20.61°N, 72.91°E. For the experimentation, two identical single slope double basin solar stills were fabricated with the same basin area. The yield of solar still, one without nanoparticles and the other with Al2O3 nanoparticles, has been measured for various weight concentrations of Al2O3 nanoparticles such as 0.01%, 0.05%, 0.10%, and 0.20%. The results show that the use of nanoparticles in solar still increases the distilled output by 17.6%, 12.3%, 7.2%, and 2.6% for weight concentrations of 0.01%, 0.05%, 0.10%, and 0.20%, respectively, in comparison to the solar still without nanoparticles.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2019 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Shobha, B. S. , Watwe, V. , and Rajesh, A. M. , 2012, “ Performance Evaluation of a Solar Still Coupled to an Evacuated Tube Collector Type Solar Water Heater,” Int. J. Innovations Eng. Technol., 1, pp. 72–84. http://ijiet.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/11.pdf
Madhlopa, A. , 2009, “ Development of an Advanced Passive Solar Still With Separate Condenser,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK.
World Health Organization Media Centre, 2012, “ Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Drinking Water Target Met,” News Releases, Geneva, New York.
WHO, 2017, “ Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: 2017 Update and SDG Baselines,” World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Geneva, Switzerland.
WHO, 2008, WHO Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality (Recommendations), 3rd ed., Vol. 1, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
USEPA, 2002, “ Standard–National Primary Drinking Water,” Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India, Standard No. EPA 816-F-02-013.
BIS, 2012, “ Indian Standard Drinking Water—Specifications (Second Revision),” Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India, Standard No. IS 10500. http://cgwb.gov.in/documents/wq-standards.pdf
Kalogirou, S. , 2009, Solar Energy Engineering: Processes and Systems, 1st ed., Academic Press Publications, Cambridge, UK, pp. 28–29.
Tiwari, G. N. , Sumegha, C. , and Yadav, Y. P. , 1991, “ Effect of Water Depth on the Transient Performance of a Double Basin Solar Still,” Energy Convers. Manage., 32(3), pp. 293–301. [CrossRef]
Meukam, P. , Njomo, D. , Gbane, A. , and Toure, S. , 2004, “ Experimental Optimization of a Solar Still: Application to Alcohol Distillation,” Chem. Eng. Process., 43(12), pp. 1569–1577. [CrossRef]
Dutt, D. K. , Kumar, A. , Anand, J. D. , and Tiwari, G. N. , 1989, “ Performance of a Double Basin Solar Still in the Presence of Dye,” Appl. Energy, 32(3), pp. 207–223. [CrossRef]
Panchal, H. N. , 2015, “ Enhancement of Distillate Output of Double Basin Solar Still With Vacuum Tubes,” J. King Saud Univ., Eng. Sci., 27(2), pp. 170–175.
Sahota, L. , and Tiwari, G. N. , 2016, “ Effect of Nanofluids on the Performance of Passive Double Slope Solar Still: A Comparative Study Using Characteristic Curve,” Desalination, 388, pp. 9–21. [CrossRef]
Elango, T. , Kannan, A. , and Murugavel, K. K. , 2015, “ Performance Study on Single Basin Single Slope Solar Still With Different Water Nanofluids,” Desalination, 360, pp. 45–51. [CrossRef]
Muhammad, M. J. , Muhammad, I. A. , CheSidik, N. A. , Afiq Witri Muhammad Yazid, M. N. , Mamat, R. , and Najafi, G. , 2016, “ The Use of Nanofluids for Enhancing the Thermal Performance of Stationary Solar Collectors: A Review,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 63, pp. 226–36. [CrossRef]
Masuda, H. , Ebata, A. , Teramae, K. , and Hishinuma, N. , 1993, “ Alternation of Thermal Conductivity and Viscosity of Liquid by Dispersing Ultrafine Particles (dispersion of c-Al2O3, SiO2, and TiO2 Ultra-Fine Particles),” NetsyBussei, 4(4), pp. 227–232.
Das, S. K. , Petra, N. , and Roetzedl, W. , 2003, “ Natural Convection of Nano-Fluids,” Heat Mass Transfer, 39(8–9), pp. 775–780.
Yu, W. , and Choi, S. U. S. , 2003, “ The Role of Interfacial Layers in the Enhanced Thermal Conductivity of Nanofluids: A Renovated Maxwell Model,” J. Nanopart., 5(1/2), pp. 167–175. [CrossRef]
Beck, M. P. , Yuan, Y. , Warrier, P. , and Teja, A. S. , 2008, “ The Effect of Particle Size on the Thermal Conductivity of Alumina Nanofluids,” J. Nanopart., 11(5), pp. 1129–1131. [CrossRef]
Kabeel, A. E. , Omara, Z. M. , and Essa, F. A. , 2014, “ Enhancement of Modified Solar Still Integrated With External Condenser Using Nanofluids: An Experimental Approach,” Energy Convers. Manage., 78(■), pp. 493–498. [CrossRef]
Patel, H. E. , Sundararajan, T. , and Das, S. K. , 2010, “ An Experimental Investigation Into the Thermal Conductivity Enhancement in Oxide and Metallic Nanofluids,” J. Nanopart. Res., 12(3), pp. 1015–1031. [CrossRef]
Agarwal, R. , Verma, K. , Agrawal, N. K. , and Singh, R. , 2016, “ Sensitivity of Thermal Conductivity for Al2O3Nanofluids,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 80(C), pp. 18–26.
Otanicar, T. P. , Phelan, P. E. , and Golden, J. S. , 2009, “ Optical Properties of Liquids for Direct Absorption Solar Thermal Energy Systems,” J. Sol. Energy, 83(7), pp. 969–977. [CrossRef]
Taylor, R. A. , Phelan, P. E. , Otanicar, T. P. , Adrian, R. , and Parsher, R. , 2011, “ Nanofluid Optical Property Characterization: Towards Efficient Direct Absorption Solar Collectors,” Nanoscale Res. Lett., 6(1), p. 225. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Drotning, W. D. , 1978, “ Optical Properties of Solar-Absorbing Oxide Particles Suspended in a Molten Salt Heat Transfer Fluid,” Sol. Energy, 20(4), pp. 313–319. [CrossRef]
Palombo, N. , and Park, K. , 2011, “ Investigation of Dynamic Near-Field Radiation Between Quantum Dots and Plasmonic Nanoparticles for Effective Tailoring of the Solar Spectrum,” ASME Paper No. IMECE2011-64561.
Chamsa-ard, W. , Brundavanam, S. , Fung, C. C. , Fawcett, D. , and Poinern, G. , 2017, “ Nanofluid Types, Their Synthesis, Properties and Incorporation in Direct Solar Thermal Collectors: A Review,” Nanomaterials, 7, p. 131. [CrossRef]
Goss, W. P. , and Miller, R. G. , 1992, “ Thermal Properties of Wood and Wood Products,” Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of Buildings, Atlanta, GA, pp. 193–203.
Lee, S. , Choi, S. U. S. , Li, S. , and Eastman, J. A. , 1999, “ Measuring Thermal Conductivity of Fluids Containing Oxide Nanoparticles,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 121(2), pp. 280–289. [CrossRef]
Wang, X. , Xu, X. , and S. Choi, S. U. , 1999, “ Thermal Conductivity of Nanoparticle-Fluid Mixture,” J. Thermophys. Heat Transfer, 13(4), pp. 474–480. [CrossRef]
Das, S. K. , Choi, S. U. S. , and Patel, H. E. , 2006, “ Heat Transfer in Nanofluids—A Review,” Heat Transfer Eng., 27(10), pp. 3–19. [CrossRef]
Kirkup, L. , and Frenkel, R. , 2006, An Introduction to Uncertainty in Measurement Using the GUM (guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement), 1st ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Lira, I. , 2002, Evaluation the Measurement Uncertainty Fundamental and Practical Guidance, Institute of Physics Publishing, Bristol, England.
Mirzaei, M. , Hosseini, S. M. S. , and Kashkooli, A. M. M. , 2018, “ Assessment of Al2O3 Nanoparticles for the Optimal Operation of the Flat Plate Solar Collector,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 134, pp. 68–77. [CrossRef]
Choudhary, R. , Khurana, D. , Kumar, A. , and Subudhi, S. , 2017, “ Stability Analysis of Al2O3/Water Nanofluids,” J. Exp. Nanosci., 12(1), pp. 140–151. [CrossRef]
Kouloulias, K. , Sergis, A. , and Hardalupas, Y. , 2016, “ Sedimentation in Nanofluids During a Natural Convection Experiment,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 101, pp. 1193–1203. [CrossRef]
Rajaseenivasan, T. , and Murugavel, K. K. , 2013, “ Theoretical and Experimental Investigation on Double Basin Double Slope Solar Still,” Desalination, 319, pp. 25–32. [CrossRef]
Sahota, L. , and Tiwari, G. N. , 2016, “ Effect of Al2O3 Nanoparticles on the Performance of Passive Double Slope Solar Still,” Sol. Energy, 130, pp. 26–72. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

(a) Working principle of solar still [20] and (b) energy transfer mechanism in single slope double basin solar still

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

(a) 3D wireframe model of single slope double basin solar still with basic dimensions and (b) actual fabricated experimental model

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Working of experimental setup

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

(a) Solar radiation measurement by calibrated photovoltaic cell, (b) calibration curve for the solar pv cell, and (c) thermocouples arrangement for temperature measurement at various locations of experimental setup

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Hourly glass cover temperature variation for still without nanoparticles and still with (a) 0.01% concentration of nanoparticles, (b) 0.05% concentration of nanoparticles, (c) 0.10% concentration of nanoparticles, and (d) 0.20% concentration of nanoparticles

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Hourly basin water temperature variation for still without nanoparticles and still with (a) 0.01% concentration of nanoparticles, (b) 0.05% concentration of nanoparticles, (c) 0.10% concentration of nanoparticles, and (d) 0.20% concentration of nanoparticles

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Hourly absorber plate temperature variation for still without nanoparticles and still with (a) 0.01% concentration of nanoparticles, (b) 0.05% concentration of nanoparticles, (c) 0.10% concentration of nanoparticles, and (d) 0.20% concentration of nanoparticles

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Hourly solar radiation and distilled output for still without nanoparticles and still with (a) 0.01% concentration of nanoparticles, (b) 0.05% concentration of nanoparticles, (c) 0.10% concentration of nanoparticles, and (d) 0.20% concentration of nanoparticles

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Hourly total efficiency of still without nanoparticles and still with (a) 0.01% concentration of nanoparticles, (b) 0.05% concentration of nanoparticles, (c) 0.10% concentration of nanoparticles, and (d) 0.20% concentration of nanoparticles

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

(a) Comparison of hourly total distilled output for the still with different concentrations of nanoparticles and (b) comparison of hourly total distilled output for still without nanoparticles

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Comparison of distilled output for the still without nanoparticles and still with different concentrations of nanoparticles

Tables

Errata

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In