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Research Papers

A Review on Different Design Modifications Employed in Inclined Solar Still for Enhancing the Productivity

[+] Author and Article Information
A. E. Kabeel, S. A. El-Agouz

Mechanical Power Engineering Department,
Faculty of Engineering,
Tanta University,
Tanta 31512, Egypt

A. Muthu Manokar

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
B. S. Abdur Rahman Crescent
Institute of Science and Technology,
Vandalur,
Chennai 600048, Tamil Nadu, India
e-mail: a.muthumanokar@gmail.com

Ravishankar Sathyamurthy

Mechanical Power Engineering Department,
Faculty of Engineering,
Tanta University,
Tanta 31512, Egypt;
Department of Automobile Engineering,
Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science,
Chennai 603103, Tamil Nadu, India

D. Prince Winston

Department of Electrical and
Electronics Engineering,
Kamaraj College of Engineering and Technology,
Virudhunagar 626001, India

Ali J. Chamkha

Mechanical Engineering Department,
Prince Sultan Endowment for
Energy and Environment,
Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University,
Al-Khobar 31952, Saudi Arabia;
RAK Research and Innovation Center,
American University of Ras Al Khaimah,
P.O. Box: 10021,
Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates

1Corresponding authors.

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received April 4, 2018; final manuscript received September 17, 2018; published online October 26, 2018. Assoc. Editor: M. Keith Sharp.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 141(3), 031007 (Oct 26, 2018) (10 pages) Paper No: SOL-18-1157; doi: 10.1115/1.4041547 History: Received April 04, 2018; Revised September 17, 2018

The current challenge of human society is to meet the large demand of freshwater, which is depleting at a faster rate due to a rapid rise in human population and fast urbanization. Solar still is the economical way to obtain fresh water since it solely requires the energy from the sun alone for its operation, which is abundantly and freely available in nature. The major constraint in conventional solar still (CSS) is to maintain a large surface area of water with a minimum water depth. The best solution for the above constraint is to prefer inclined solar still (ISS) in which the surface area of water is large with a minimum water depth. In order to improvise the performance and efficiency of ISS, numerous works have been incorporated by increasing the free surface area of water. The distillate yield collected from the passive ISS was found as 1000–8100 mL/m2 whereas active ISS produced the distillate yield of 1045–9000 mL/day. In this review, an attempt is made to analyze the present status of different designs in ISS to motivate further research in ISS technology for meeting the demand of fresh water.

Copyright © 2019 by ASME
Topics: Solar stills , Water
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