Research Papers

Modeling of Solar Power Plant for Electricity Generation and Water Desalination

[+] Author and Article Information
Mohamed H. Ahmed

National Research Centre,
Dokki, Giza 12622, Egypt
e-mail: Mo555as@hotmail.com

Amr M. A. Amin

Academy of Scientific Research and Technology,
Kaser Elainy, Cairo 11694, Egypt
e-mail: amrmaamin@yahoo.com

Hassan El Banna Fath

Egypt-Japan University of Science and
Borg El Arab 11829, Alexandria, Egypt
e-mail: hassan.fath@ejust.edu.eg

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received March 29, 2018; final manuscript received August 14, 2018; published online September 14, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Aranzazu Fernandez Garcia.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 141(1), 011015 (Sep 14, 2018) (6 pages) Paper No: SOL-18-1143; doi: 10.1115/1.4041260 History: Received March 29, 2018; Revised August 14, 2018

This paper presents the simulation and modeling of the concentrated solar power (CSP) plant for multipurpose applications at Borg El Arab in Egypt. The plant produces 1 MWe and 250 m3 of distilled water using steam turbine and electric generator. The purpose of using different applications is to improve the overall efficiency and the coefficient of performance of the plant. The trnsys simulation platform was used for simulating the thermal performance of the solar power and desalination plant covering the parabolic trough concentrator (PTC), storage tank with an integrated steam generator, a backup unit, steam turbine, electric generator, and two effects desalination unit. The temperature and energy profiles of the plant were investigated for the PTC, steam generator and the electric generator. The results prove that the simulation could be used to support the operation of the CSP plant and for improving the performance of the cogeneration plant at Borg El Arab.

Copyright © 2019 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Price, H. , and Carpenter, S. , 1999, “The Potential for Low-Cost Concentrating Solar Power Systems,” National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, Report No. NREL/CP-550-46649. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=
Price, H. , Lupfert, E. , Kearney, D. , Zarza, E. , Cohen, G. , Gee, R. , and Mahoney, R. , 2002, “Advances in Parabolic Trough Solar Power Technology,” ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng., 124(2), pp. 109–125. [CrossRef]
Binotti, M. , Zhu, G. , Gray, A. , Manzolini, G. , and Silva, P. , 2013, “Geometric Analysis of Three-Dimensional Effects of Parabolic Trough Collectors,” Sol. Energy, 88, pp. 88–96. [CrossRef]
Clark, J. A. , 1982, “An Analysis of the Technical and Economic Performance of a Parabolic Trough Concentrator for Solar Industrial Process Heat Application,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 25(9), pp. 1427–1438. [CrossRef]
Pacio, J. , and Wetzel, T. , 2013, “Assessment of Liquid Metal Technology Status and Research Paths for Their Use as Efficient Heat Transfer Fluids in Solar Central Receiver Systems,” Sol. Energy, 93, pp. 11–22. [CrossRef]
Tian, Y. , and Zhao, C. Y. , 2013, “A Review of Solar Collectors and Thermal Energy Storage in Solar Thermal Applications,” Appl. Energy, 104, pp. 538–53. [CrossRef]
Wang, Y. , Liu, Q. , Lei, J. , and Jin, H. , 2014, “A Three-Dimensional Simulation of a Parabolic Trough Solar Collector System Using Molten Salt as Heat Transfer Fluid,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 70(1), pp. 462–476. [CrossRef]
Piemonte, V. , De Falco, M. , Tarquini, P. , and Giaconia, A. , 2011, “Life Cycle Assessment of a High Temperature Molten Salt Concentrated Solar Power Plant,” Sol. Energy, 85(5), pp. 1101–1108. [CrossRef]
Edenburn, M. W. , 1976, “Performance Analysis of a Cylindrical Parabolic Focusing Collector and Comparison With Experimental Results,” Sol. Energy, 18(5), pp. 437–444. [CrossRef]
Biencinto, M. , González, L. , and Valenzuela, L. , 2016, “A Quasi-Dynamic Simulation Model for Direct Steam Generation in Parabolic Troughs Using TRNSYS,” Appl. Energy, 161, pp. 133–142. [CrossRef]
Soares, J. , and Oliveira, A. C. , 2017, “Numerical Simulation of a Hybrid Concentrated Solar Power/Biomass Mini Power Plant,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 111, pp. 1378–1386. [CrossRef]
El-Nashar, A. M. , 1989, “Performance of the Solar Desalination Plant at Abu Dhabi,” Desalination, 72(3), pp. 405–424. [CrossRef]
Servert, J. F. , Cerrajero, E. , and Fuentealba, E. L. , 2016, “Synergies of Solar Energy Use in the Desalination of Seawater: A Case Study in Northern Synergies of Solar Energy Use in the Desalination of Seawater: A Case Study in Northern Chile,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1734(1), p. 140002.
Palenzuela, P. , Zaragoza, G. , Alarcón, D. , and Blanco, J. , 2011, “Simulation and Evaluation of the Coupling of Desalination Units to Parabolic-Trough Solar Power Plants in the Mediterranean Region,” Desalination, 281, pp. 379–387. [CrossRef]
Gaggiolia, W. , Fabrizia, F. , Tarquinia, P. , and Rinaldia, L. , 2015, “Experimental Validation of the Innovative Thermal Energy Storage Based on an Integrated System “Storage Tank/Steam Generator,” Energy Procedia, 69, pp. 822–831. [CrossRef]
Klein, S. A. , and University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2000, TRNSYS, a Transient System Simulation Program, Solar Energy Laboratory, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI.
Duffie, J. A. , and Backman, W. A. , 1980, Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes, Wiley, New York.


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the cogeneration CSP +MED plant

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Screenshot of the trnsys model of the plant

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

A schematic diagram for the MED unit with its streams

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Monthly direct normal irradiance, the collector useful energy, gain and efficiency

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

The inlet, outlet temperature, and the temperature rise of the PTC during four days in June

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

The energy rate delivered to the molten salt from the solar collector and the gas boiler

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

The monthly energy consumed by the boiler and electric energy generated

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

The average daily quantity of desalinated water produced at all months



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In