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Review Article

Review of Solar Cooling Technologies in the MENA Region

[+] Author and Article Information
Abdul Ahad Iqbal

Mechanical Engineering Department, Khalifa University, Sas Al Nakhl Campus, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, PO Box: 2533, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
abahad@pi.ac.ae

Ali Al-Alili

ASME Member, Mechanical Engineering Department, Khalifa University, Sas Al Nakhl Campus, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, PO Box: 2533, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
ali.alalili@ku.ac.ae

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4041159 History: Received April 05, 2018; Revised July 15, 2018

Abstract

The demand for air conditioning and refrigeration has been increasing due to a rise in the global temperature and the burgeoning world population. Conventional electricity driven vapor compression cycles use refrigerants which are harmful to the environment, and are responsible for the consumption of huge amounts of electricity leading to high CO2 emissions. Therefore, solar driven cooling cycles have great potential to address these issues, and the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has an abundant supply of solar radiation. In this study, the research carried out within the MENA region on solar cooling technologies is presented. The solar cooling cycles reviewed are the adsorption, absorption, solid desiccant, liquid desiccant, ejector, and solar electric driven cycles. The interest over time and across countries in each of these cycles is also discussed. This review shows that interest in solar cooling technologies has increased sharply in the MENA region since late 2000's, and there are several issues like subsidized electricity prices hindering their adoption. In addition, this work shows researches where more investigations are needed.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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