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Review Article

Review of Solar Cooling Technologies in the MENA Region

[+] Author and Article Information
Abdul Ahad Iqbal

Mechanical Engineering Department,
Khalifa University,
P.O. Box: 2533, Sas Al Nakhl Campus,
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
e-mail: abahad@pi.ac.ae

Ali Al-Alili

Mem. ASME
Mechanical Engineering Department,
Khalifa University,
P.O. Box: 2533, Sas Al Nakhl Campus,
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
e-mail: ali.alalili@ku.ac.ae

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received April 5, 2018; final manuscript received July 15, 2018; published online November 14, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Jorge Gonzalez.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 141(1), 010801 (Nov 14, 2018) (25 pages) Paper No: SOL-18-1160; doi: 10.1115/1.4041159 History: Received April 05, 2018; Revised July 15, 2018

The demand for air conditioning and refrigeration has been increasing due to a rise in the global temperature and the burgeoning world population. Conventional electricity-driven vapor compression cycles (VCCs) use refrigerants, which are harmful to the environment, and are responsible for the consumption of huge amounts of electricity leading to high CO2 emissions. Therefore, solar-driven cooling cycles have great potential to address these issues, and the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has an abundant supply of solar radiation. In this study, the research carried out within the MENA region on solar cooling technologies is presented. The solar cooling cycles reviewed are the adsorption, absorption, solid desiccant, liquid desiccant, ejector, and solar electric-driven cycles. The interest over time and across countries in each of these cycles is also discussed. This review shows that interest in solar cooling technologies has increased sharply in the MENA region since late 2000s, and there are several issues like subsidized electricity prices hindering their adoption. In addition, this work shows researches where more investigations are needed.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Solar cooling cycles classification

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Fig. 3

Interest in solar adsorption cooling in the MENA region with time

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Fig. 4

Schematic of a single stage absorption cycle [41]

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Fig. 5

Interest in solar absorption cooling in the MENA region with time

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Fig. 6

Schematic of a Pennington cycle [70]

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Fig. 7

Interest in solar solid desiccant cooling in the MENA region with time

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Fig. 8

Schematic of a liquid desiccant system [3]

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Fig. 9

Interest in solar liquid desiccant cooling in the MENA region with time

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Fig. 10

The ejector cycle [3]

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Fig. 11

Interest in solar ejector cooling in the MENA region with time

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Fig. 12

Photovoltaic-driven vapor compression cycle [108]

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Fig. 13

Interest in solar electric cooling in the MENA region with time

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Fig. 14

Share of solar cooling research in MENA countries

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Fig. 15

Solar thermal cooling installations worldwide and in Europe [116]

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Fig. 16

Global installed capacity and growth trends of solar thermal, wind, and photovoltaic power [116]

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Fig. 17

Price of solar panels and global solar panel installations over time [117]

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Fig. 18

No. of articles on Science Direct using the keyword “solar”.

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