Research Papers

Doping Solar Field Heat Transfer Fluid With Nanoparticles

[+] Author and Article Information
Mohammad Abutayeh

Mechanical Engineering Department,
Arkansas State University,
Jonesboro, AR 72401

Yacine Addad

Nuclear Engineering Department,
Khalifa University,
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Eiyad Abu-Nada, Anas Alazzam

Mechanical Engineering Department,
Khalifa University,
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received February 21, 2018; final manuscript received August 2, 2018; published online September 14, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Aranzazu Fernandez Garcia.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 141(1), 011013 (Sep 14, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: SOL-18-1082; doi: 10.1115/1.4041157 History: Received February 21, 2018; Revised August 02, 2018

A previously developed model of a concentrating solar power plant has been modified to accommodate doping the heat transfer fluid (HTF) with nanoparticles. The model with its unalloyed HTF has been validated with actual operating data beforehand. The thermo-physical properties of the HTF were modified to account for the nanoparticle doping. The nanoparticle content in the HTF was then varied to evaluate its influence on solar power generation. The model was run to simulate plant operation on four different days representing the four different seasons. As the nanoparticle concentration was increased, heat losses were slightly reduced, transient warm up heat was increased, transient cool down heat was reduced, and the overall impact on power generation was trivial. Doping HTFs with nanoparticles does not seem promising for solar thermal power generation from a performance perspective. Moreover, doping HTFs with nanoparticles involves many other operational challenges such as sedimentation and abrasion.

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Fig. 1

Schematic of a PTC type CSP plant

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Fig. 2

Heat flow in a standard CSP plant

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Fig. 3

Density of the nanofluid

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Fig. 4

Thermal conductivity of the nanofluid

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Fig. 5

Heat capacity of the nanofluid

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Fig. 6

Direct normal irradiance on the four considered days



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