0
Research Papers

# Efficiency Improvement of a Photovoltaic Module Using Front Surface Cooling Method in Summer and Winter Conditions

[+] Author and Article Information
Himanshu Sainthiya

Electronics and Communication Engineering,
Bundelkhand Institute of Engineering
and Technology,
e-mail: himanshusainthiya@gmail.com

Narendra S. Beniwal

Electronics and Communication Engineering,
Bundelkhand Institute of Engineering
and Technology,
e-mail: narendra.beniwal@gmail.com

Navneet Garg

Department of Electrical Engineering,
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur,
e-mail: navneetg@iitk.ac.in

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received December 12, 2017; final manuscript received May 4, 2018; published online June 26, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Gerardo Diaz.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 140(6), 061009 (Jun 26, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: SOL-17-1488; doi: 10.1115/1.4040238 History: Received December 12, 2017; Revised May 04, 2018

## Abstract

Photovoltaic (PV) cells exhibit long-term degradation, when its temperature exceeds a certain limit. On the other hand, decreasing the temperature results in lower PV cell efficiency. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the improvements in the output power and efficiency of PV modules using a cooling system based on flowing water on the front surface. Front surface cooling method with the help of a water pumping system is one of the most promising methods for cooling the PV cells. With poly-crystalline PV cells, different water flow rates are experimented, and the output power and the efficiency are computed for different weather conditions. These experiments yield that the cell efficiency is improved by approximately 27.3% in winter conditions and 27.6% in summer conditions.

<>

## References

Kuo, M.-T. , and Lo, W.-Y. , 2014, “ A Combination of Concentrator Photovoltaics and Water Cooling System to Improve Solar Energy Utilization,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., 50(4), pp. 2818–2827.
Meisen, P. , and Quéneudec, E. , 2006, “ Overview of Renewable Energy Potential of India,” Global Energy Network Institute, San Diego, CA, pp. 1–26.
Habiballahi, M. , Ameri, M. , and Mansouri, S. , 2015, “ Efficiency Improvement of Photovoltaic Water Pumping Systems by Means of Water Flow Beneath Photovoltaic Cells Surface,” ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng., 137(4), p. 044501.
Srivastava, S. P. , and Srivastava, S. P. , 2013, “ Solar Energy and Its Future Role in Indian Economy,” Int. J. Environ. Sci., 4(3), pp. 81–88.
Singh, G. K. , 2013, “ Solar Power Generation by PV (Photovoltaic) Technology: A Review,” Energy, 53, pp. 1–13.
Eveloy, V. , Rodgers, P. , and Bojanampati, S. , 2012, “ Enhancement of Photovoltaic Solar Module Performance for Power Generation in the Middle East,” 28th Annual IEEE Symposium on Semiconductor Thermal Measurement and Management (SEMI-THERM), San Jose, CA, Mar. 18–22, pp. 87–97.
Dubey, S. , Sarvaiya, J. N. , and Seshadri, B. , 2013, “ Temperature Dependent Photovoltaic (PV) Efficiency and Its Effect on PV Production in the World—A Review,” Energy Procedia, 33, pp. 311–321.
Gorjian, S. , Ghobadian, B. , Hashjin, T. T. , and Banakar, A. , 2014, “ Thermal Performance Evaluation of a Proposed Point-Focus Solar Collector for Low Power Applications,” Iran. J. Sci. Technol. Trans. Mech. Eng., 38, pp. 263–268.
Tabaei, H. , and Ameri, M. , 2015, “ Improving the Effectiveness of a Photovolatic Water Pumping System by Using Booster Reflector and Cooling Array Surface by a Film of Water,” Iran. J. Sci. Technol. Trans. Mech. Eng., 39(M1), p. 51.
Teo, H. , Lee, P. , and Hawlader, M. N. A. , 2012, “ An Active Cooling System for Photovoltaic Modules,” Appl. Energy, 90(1), pp. 309–315.
Zhu, L. , Raman, A. , Wang, K. X. , Anoma, M. A. , and Fan, S. , 2014, “ Radiative Cooling of Solar Cells,” Optica, 1(1), pp. 32–38.
Baskar, D. , 2014, “ Efficiency Improvement on Photovoltaic Water Pumping System by Automatic Water Spraying Over Photovoltaic Cells,” Middle-East J. Sci. Res., 19(8), pp. 1127–1131.
Odeh, S. , and Behnia, M. , 2009, “ Improving Photovoltaic Module Efficiency Using Water Cooling,” Heat Transfer Eng., 30(6), pp. 499–505.
Krauter, S. , 2004, “ Increased Electrical Yield Via Water Flow Over the Front of Photovoltaic Panels,” Sol. Energy Mater. Solar Cells, 82(1–2), pp. 131–137.
Hachicha, A. A. , Ghenai, C. , and Hamid, A. K. , 2015, “ Enhancing the Performance of a Photovoltaic Module Using Different Cooling Methods,” Int. J. Energy Power Eng., 9(9), pp. 1106–1109.
Gaur, A. , and Tiwari, G. , 2014, “ Performance of a-Si Thin Film PV Modules With and Without Water Flow: An Experimental Validation,” Appl. Energy, 128, pp. 184–191.
Amer, E. , and Younes, M. , 2006, “ Estimating the Monthly Discharge of a Photovoltaic Water Pumping System: Model Verification,” Energy Convers. Manage., 47(15–16), pp. 2092–2102.
Abdolzadeh, M. , and Ameri, M. , 2009, “ Improving the Effectiveness of a Photovoltaic Water Pumping System by Spraying Water Over the Front of Photovoltaic Cells,” Renewable Energy, 34(1), pp. 91–96.
Abdelrahman, M. , Eliwa, A. , and Abdellatif, O. , 2013, “ Experimental Investigation of Different Cooling Methods for Photovoltaic Module,” Joint Propulsion Conferences, San Jose, CA, July 14–17, pp. 14–17.
Dubey, S. , and Tiwari, G. , 2008, “ Thermal Modeling of a Combined System of Photovoltaic Thermal (PV/t) Solar Water Heater,” Sol. Energy, 82(7), pp. 602–612.
Benghanem, M. , Daffallah, K. , Alamri, S. , and Joraid, A. , 2014, “ Effect of Pumping Head on Solar Water Pumping System,” Energy Convers. Manage., 77, pp. 334–339.
Abdolzadeh, M. , Ameri, M. , and Mehrabian, M. , 2009, “ The Effects of an Operating Head on the Performance of Photovoltaic Water Pumping Systems: An Experimental Investigation,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part A, 223(4), pp. 341–347.
Matias, C. A. , Santos, L. M. , Alves, A. J. , and Calixto, W. P. , 2016, “ Electrical Performance Evaluation of PV Panel Through Water Cooling Technique,” IEEE 16th International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering (EEEIC), Florence, Italy, June 7–10, pp. 1–5.
Rekioua, D. , and Matagne, E. , 2012, Optimization of Photovoltaic Power Systems, Green Energy and Technology, Springer-Verlag, London.
Tiwari, A. , and Sodha, M. , 2006, “ Performance Evaluation of Solar PV/T System: An Experimental Validation,” Sol. Energy, 80(7), pp. 751–759.
Mattei, M. , Notton, G. , Cristofari, C. , Muselli, M. , and Poggi, P. , 2006, “ Calculation of the Polycrystalline PV Module Temperature Using a Simple Method of Energy Balance,” Renewable Energy, 31(4), pp. 553–567.

## Figures

Fig. 3

Figure shows the winter variations of solar radiations, ambient temperature, front surface and back surface temperatures with and without cooling at the water flow rates of (a) 1 lpm, (b) 1.5 lpm, (c) 2 lpm, and (d) 2.5 lpm

Fig. 4

Figure shows the summer variations of solar radiations, ambient temperature, front surface and back surface temperatures with and without cooling at the water flow rates of (a) 1 lpm, (b) 1.5 lpm, (c) 2 lpm, and (d) 2.5 lpm

Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup

Fig. 1

Experimental setup of Photovoltaic solar module

Fig. 5

For winter conditions, the figure shows (a) the output power and (b) module efficiency without cooling and with cooling at different water flow rates

Fig. 6

For summer conditions, the figure shows (a) the output power and (b) module efficiency without cooling and with cooling at different water flow rates

Fig. 7

Figure showing the average efficiency with and without water cooling for different water flow rates in (a) winter and (b) summer conditions

## Errata

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

### Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related Proceedings Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections